An introduction to the concept of personality

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An introduction to the concept of personality

Introductions to Gestalt Therapy: Excitement and Growth in the Human Personality. Excitement and Growth in the Human Personality was published in hardcover in by the Julian Press. Dell Publishing issued a softcover reproduction of the original edition shortly thereafter.

It remained unchanged until Bantam Press issued yet another paperback edition in With all the former editions out-of-print, The Gestalt Journal Press produced the definitive edition in In The Gestalt Journal Press edition, the two volumes included were returned to the order in which they appeared in the original manuscript.

The were reversed by the publisher to put the "exercises" before the theory to hopefully take advantage of the self-help books popular at the time. We know that many of you do not have copies of either the Bantam edition or The Gestalt Journal Press edition so we decided to offer you something of historical interest.

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Shortly before he died, Frederick Perls wrote an introductory note for the Bantam edition of Gestalt Therapy. As that edition is out-of-print, his note is now unavailable. We offer it here exactly as it appeared in the Bantam edition. To offer even more perspective on this essential text of Gestalt therapy, we are also including the introduction to The Gestalt Journal Press edition.

It is the result of a collaboration between Isadore From, the most respected trainer of Gestalt therapists ever, and Michael Vincent Miller, director of the Boston Gestalt Institute and a gifted writer best known for his book, Intimate Terrorism: The Deterioration of Erotic Life, published by W.

The introduction was completed shortly after From passed away in The years in between have produced many changes both social and psychological however, the Gestalt experiments included in this volume are as valid today as they proved to be the first time we conducted classes in awareness expansion.

The overall accent, however, has changed from the idea of therapy to a gestalt concept of growth.

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I now consider that neurosis is not a sickness but one of several symptoms of growth stagnation. Other symptoms of growth stagnation are the need to manipulate the world and control madness, character distortion, reduction of the human potential, and lack of "response- ability," and most important of all, the production of holes in a personality.

Maturation is a continuous process of transcending environmental support and developing self-support, which means an increasing reduction of dependencies, The unborn baby is dependent in every respect upon the mother-for getting the material for physical growth, oxygen, warmth, transportation; immediately after birth he must provide his own oxygen.

Soon he must contribute to his own food intake, by sucking the, milk and providing a considerable amount of warmth for himself. As time goes on, be becomes more and more self -supportive learns to communicate, to crawl and walk, to bite and chew, to accept and reject.

So the development continues and the child realizes some part of his potential for existence. Unfortunately in our time the average person uses only about 10 to 15 percent of his potential; a person who uses 25 percent is already called a genius. To mobilize his potential and to ensure proper maturation, the child has to overcome many frustrations.

When either the frustrations are too great for the child to cope with or he is, spoiled and deprived of the opportunity to "do for himself," he will develop his own individual brand of psychopathology.

He will start to manipulate the environment by phony behavior role playing or by taking control to ensure that these intolerable frustrations will not occur again. He will form a specific character and write a life-script that guarantees his survival.

The most important frustrations occur of course when demands are made upon him from the environment at a stage when he cannot cope, when for instance he is spoken to in a language of concepts and abstractions at a time when lie can think only in concrete terms.

At that time he may develop a feeling of ,utter stupidity. Some of his potential is then alienated, repressed, projected. Other characterize ties are put on as phony behavior, requiring strain with self -support, exhaustion without satisfaction.

Finally this deep split between our biological and our social existence leads to more and more conflicts and "holes-" The holes are the main characteristics of the incomplete personality Some, of us have no heart or no intuition, some have no legs to stand on, no genitals, to confidence, no eyes or ears.

If a person has a hole where other people have eyes, he finds that his eyes are projected into the environment and he -will load a life of self-consciousness, permanently persecuted by the idea that he is looked at, judged, admired, accused, etc.

The worst hole I can think of is a person having no ears, This is usually found in people who talk and talk and expect the world to listen. We have a peculiar polarity in this world: If the warring factions in our society-marriage Farmers, business dependencies -- would open their ears and listen to their opponents, the hostilities in our environment and among nations, would greatly diminish.

This applies as much to our inner conflicts as it applies to the world situation in general.The first edition of Perls, Hefferline and Goodman's classic Gestalt Therapy: Excitement and Growth in the Human Personality was published in hardcover in by the Julian Press.

Dell Publishing issued a softcover reproduction of . Robert Ewen's An Introduction to Theories of Personality helps students unravel the mysteries of human behavior through its highly readable introduction to the ideas of the most significant theorists and related new research.

Engaging biographical sketches open each chapter and unique capsule summaries help students review key concepts/5(3). A comprehensive, coeducational Catholic High school Diocese of Wollongong - Albion Park Act Justly, love tenderly and walk humbly with your God Micah Becoming: An Introduction to Jung's Concept of Individuation reflects the ideas of Carl Gustav Jung.

His idea of a process called individuation has sustained the authors dedication to a lifelong work of psychoanalysis. To understand this concept, you first need to understand the difference between a trait and a state.

A trait is a relatively permanent individual characteristic.

An introduction to the concept of personality

For example, most of know people who are outgoing, friendly, confident, or shy. Intended as an introduction to personality theory, the book's major goals are: * to stimulate enthusiasm for the provocative problems of personality, * to provide a solid foundation for further study, and * to promote interest in the primary sources on which this secondary one is based.

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