British empire essays

Burma was separated from India and directly administered by the British Crown from until its independence in The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf and the states under the Persian Gulf Residency were theoretically princely states as well as Presidencies and provinces of British India until and used the rupee as their unit of currency. Ceylon was part of Madras Presidency between and British India and the Princely States[ edit ] Main articles:

British empire essays

Cultural Imperialism or Rescue? The collection of the Imperial Hotel, Janpath, New Delhi, reproduced by kind permission of the hotel. Click on all the images here for larger pictures. The self-immolation of recently bereaved wives on their husbands' funeral pyres confronted the British in India with central questions about the obligations of the colonizer to the colonized, respect for other cultures, and questions of gender that had important implications for British women.

In India, the individuals who sacrificed themselves in this way were called satis, from the Sanskrit word for "a good woman," by association with the goddess Sati.

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In Hindu mythology, Sati is the wife of Shiva, and she immolates herself in protest against her father's lack of respect for her husband.

In one telling, her faithfulness is such that she feels no pain from the fire. Of course, since Siva himself is immortal, no version of the myth ever really fits the ritual as it developed see Hawley, Introduction, More analogous to it, perhaps, were the self-immolations of the Rajput women of British empire essays, who in earlier times chose this way of preserving their and their husbands' honour when their menfolk went off to battle.

But here again there were great differences. These women's husbands, too, were not yet dead, and a jauhar, as the preemptive act was called, was a communal one involving children, the sick and the elderly as well.

Still, like Sati, both the Rajput wives of olden days and the satis were seen to demonstrate the extreme of wifely devotion. Suttee or "widow-burning," as the British called it, became a subject of much concern to the new administrators.

As time went by, it acquired a peculiar resonance for them, and for those in the home country as well. As well as raising uncomfortable and challenging issues about the role and duties of the British in India, it called into question the self-abnegation expected of women in Britain itself, prompting some reflections on the very nature of service and self-sacrifice, especially in the colonial context.

Today, thanks largely to the Kolkata-born cultural theorist Gayatri Spivak, it has again become a hot topic among postcolonial and feminist critics. Background Suttee could not just be abolished overnight. As its association with myth suggests, it was deeply rooted in the culture.

Cultural Imperialism or Rescue? The British and Suttee

It goes back to ancient times among various peoples, with instances recorded among the Thracians, Malaysians and others. An early account of its enactment by Indian widows appears in the Greek historian Diodorus, where it is dated as occurring in BC Yule and Burnell Besides noting its connection with the goddess Sati, the Victorians held various theories about it.

The most sympathetic was that it started from "the voluntary sacrifice of a widow, inconsolable for the loss of her husband But some saw cruelty in it from the start, suggesting that it arose from "a dread on the part of the chiefs of the country, in olden time, that their principal wives, who alone were in possession of their confidence, and knew where their money was concealed, might secretly attempt their life, in order at once to establish their own freedom, and become possessed of the [i.

British empire essays

Whatever the origin, other ideas had gathered around the practice — for example, that those who chose to die in this way not only displayed wifely virtue at the time, but would continue to serve their husbands in the afterlife; and, still more curiously to western observers, that the woman's action would expiate the sins of her husband's family.

Such ideas had produced a cult predicated on suttee's "magical efficacy," as one social historian puts it Weinberger-Thomasbut at the same time left the custom open to abuse.However by the British Empire had come to an end after it could no longer afford the maintenance of such a big Empire.

British involvement in Africa was a period that saw many changes, some economic, some international and political changes, which in turn led to many adjustments in Africa itself. Mar 03,  · In , British Crown rule was established in India, ending a century of control by the East India Company.

The life and death struggle that preceded this formalisation of British .

The break-up of the British Empire in the years to was the result of changed international circumstances. - Assess validity of this view. Argument: Irreversible economic decline from the world wars was the main cause of the breakup of the empire.

Causes of British Imperialism Throughout history, countries have expanded their empires to create the largest and most powerful on the globe.

Cultural Imperialism or Rescue? The British and Suttee

Napoleon and Alexander the Great had two of the most controlling empires ever created, and Great Britain’s in the early ’s was another of the best. - Empire building is a long and tedious work but falling off empire is quicker than building an empire. The British Empire was the largest empire and the most riches the world ever know.

British Empire occupies a fifth of the world population and rule over two hundred years by invading country after country. British Empire Essay - THE BRITISH EMPIRE The British Empire was the largest empire in history and for a time was the foremost global power. It was a product of the European age of discovery, which began with the maritime explorations of the 15th century, that sparked the era of the European colonial empires.

The Rise And Fall Of The British Empire - Free History Essay - Essay UK