These sections are discussed below. Introduction Point Value - 10 Sure the introduction to any paper introduces your paper to the reader, but the introduction section is more important than that to an academic paper yes, that's what you are writing. There are many papers and journals out there in the world for social scientists to read. Your introduction needs to convince the sociologist that he or she needs to spend precious time reading YOUR paper.
The key to a successful report is effective planning, so before you start writing the report consider the following points.
Identify your target audience Identifying who you are writing for will help to shape the content of the report. If the report will be submitted as part of a qualification, check that you know what your tutor expects and the assessment criteria for the report. Also think about stakeholders in the organisation; the report is an ideal opportunity to demonstrate how you, as an HR professional, can add value and help you influence change.
Who will read the report and what are they looking for? What will you want them to do as a result of reading the report? Scope, size and deadline Clear aims and objectives specify the purpose of the report and show your reader what you are aiming to do. Once you know the size and scope of your report you can then start to estimate the work required and the time available to do it.
Collecting relevant information The range of topics on which an HR practitioner might write a report is very wide. This means that there is plenty of material that you can consult before starting to write. Understanding the report structure A report is a structured form of writing, designed to be read quickly and accurately.
The sections of a report might not be read consecutively so it is important to understand the structure and convention of report-writing. CIPD recommend the following structure: Title The title should indicate clearly the focus of the business report sample findings of research.
Executive summary This is a brief summary of the report, no longer than one page, which is designed to help the reader decide whether they wish to read the full report.
Although it is the first thing to be read, it should be written last and should include: Table of contents This shows how the report is structured and indicates the page numbers of the main elements.
You should also include a list of charts and diagrams where appropriate and any appendices. Introduction The purpose of the introduction is to set the scene and show how the chosen topic seeks to address an issue of strategic relevance to the organisation.
A brief explanation of the organisational context can highlight the key drivers that are influencing the business and demonstrate a rationale for the report.
The introduction should also outline the aims and objectives of the study. The aim clarifies what the report is trying to achieve while the objectives are more specific and show how the issue will be addressed.
The introduction can also outline the scope of the report including any boundaries or constraints that may apply or affect the progress of the study. The purpose of the literature review is to put the issue under investigation into perspective and demonstrate your knowledge of the key works and latest findings on the topic.
HR practitioners who are writing a report solely for a business audience might find it inappropriate to include a literature review. However, consider including recent surveys or other material to support any proposals contained with the report. A student who is writing a report for academic purposes must always carry out a literature review to identify the sources used for the theoretical concepts that underpin the report.
The literature review should be a discussion and critical evaluation of published material including books, journal articles, research reports and discussion papers.
The literature review should also aim to explain the issue in the context of contemporary ideas and thinking, including a discussion of relevant models, concepts, ideas and current good practice. It can help to summarise the key issues derived from the literature at the end of this section and show how this relates to your own research of the topic.
Research methods This section must explain what you did to gather the information that you are presenting. You should explain the approach used such as questionnaires, interviews, and so onwhy you took this approach and how you decided what sample of people to include in any surveys that you undertook.
You should also demonstrate an awareness of alternative methods, the suitability of primary and secondary data sources to your investigation, ethical considerations and any logistical problems you may have encountered. We recommend that you consult and make reference to texts on research methods to justify why your chosen approach was suitable and, therefore, why the resulting findings are robust enough to base business decisions on them.
Findings, analysis and discussion Your results should be presented as clearly as possible so that they are easily understood and accessible to the reader. Graphs, charts and diagrams can be used to identify the key findings. In this section you should also analyse and interpret the results by drawing on the research you have collected and explaining its significance.
You should also suggest explanations for your findings and any outline any issues that may have influenced the results. You should ensure that any responses from individuals are anonymised, unless you have the express written permission of the individual to refer to their response by name.
Conclusions and recommendations This section draws together the main issues identified in the report and should refer back to the aims and objectives — has the report achieved what it set out to do? This section should not include any new material. The recommendations should be actionable and feasible in the organisational context.
You should show what needs to be done and why. It is advisable that you prioritise the recommendations that are likely to achieve the greatest effect.3 Sample Report ORC-SA (Web09) Conclusions Results from the organizational evaluation indicate that the (name) agency is generally operating in the “favorable” zone of staff ratings in regard to needs, resources, professional.
about it. If it were a technical report, I might want to introduce the theory behind my approach here. There is plenty of advice on report writing including books such as Houp () and Lewis (), and web pages (Loughborough University Library, a).
My citations should appear as a list of references below. Business Valuation Report arch, Apex Manufacturing. BizEquity does not represent or endorse the accuracy or reliability of any advice, opinion, statement or any other information displayed or distributed through this report or its website.
This dynamically driven and customized report was generated to provide the business owner, and. The purpose of a Research Report is to demonstrate or develop your ability to undertake a complete piece of research including research design, and an appreciation of its significance in the field.
It will probably include most of the sections described in Methodology Recount, but will be more clearly contextualised, it will have a deeper discussion of the findings, and it will certainly have.
The Findings or Body section is generally the longest section of a report. It is called the findings because it is generally written after a period of some sort of investigation or research. It is called the findings because it is generally written after a period of some sort of investigation or research.
1 Chapter 4 Research Findings and Discussion This chapter presents the results of my analysis. The first section describes the basic information derived from analysis of .