Students will cite sources for a research paper in a bibliography format. Lesson Plan Connection mins:
How to Write an Annotated Bibliography Run time: Before you begin, you need to know what exactly an annotated bibliography is and how to get started.
First, what is an annotation?
An annotation is more than just a brief summary of an article, book, Web site or other type of publication. An annotation should give enough information to make a reader decide whether to read the complete work.
In other words, if the reader were exploring the same topic as you, is this material useful and if so, why? How is an annotation different from an abstract? While an abstract also summarizes an article, book, Web site or other type of publication, it is purely descriptive.
Although annotations can be descriptive, they also include distinctive features about an item. Annotations can be evaluative and critical as we will see when we look at the two major types of annotations. What is an annotated bibliography? An annotated bibliography is an organized list of sources like a reference list.
It differs from a straightforward bibliography in that each reference is followed by a paragraph length annotation, usually — words in length. Depending on the assignment, an annotated bibliography might have different purposes: Provide a literature review on a particular subject Help to formulate a thesis on a subject Demonstrate the research you have performed on a particular subject Provide examples of major sources of information available on a topic Describe items that other researchers may find of interest on a topic Types of annotated bibliographies There are two major types of annotated bibliographies: Descriptive or informative Analytical or critical Descriptive or informative A descriptive or informative annotated bibliography describes or summarizes a source as does an abstract, it describes why the source is useful for researching a particular topic or question, its distinctive features.
In addition, it describes the author's main arguments and conclusions without evaluating what the author says or concludes. Economist,9. The author points out that skepticism of new media have gone back to the time of the ancient Greeks, so this controversy surrounding video games is nothing new.
The article also points out that most critics of gaming are people over 40 and it is an issue of generations not understanding one another, rather than of the games themselves.
As the youth of today grow older, the controversy will die out, according to the author. The author of this article stresses the age factor over violence as the real reason for opposition to video games and stresses the good gaming has done in most areas of human life.
This article is distinctive in exploring the controversy surrounding video games from a generational standpoint and is written for a general audience. Please pay attention to the last sentence. While it points out distinctive features about the item it does not analyze the author's conclusions.
Analytical or critical An analytical or critical annotation not only summarizes the material, it analyzes what is being said. It examines the strengths and weaknesses of what is presented as well as describing the applicability of the author's conclusions to the research being conducted.
For most of your annotated bibliographies, however, you will be writing analytical or critical annotations. The article points out that most critics of gaming are people over 40 and it is an issue of age not of the games themselves. While the author briefly mentions studies done around the issue of violence and gaming, he does not go into enough depth for the reader to truly know the range of studies that have actually been done in this area, other than to take his word that the research is unsatisfactory.
This article is a good resource for those wanting to begin to explore the controversy surrounding video games, however for anyone doing serious research, one should actually examine some of the research studies that have been done in this area rather than simply take the author's word that opposition to video games is simply due to an issue of generational divide.
It criticizes the authors research. Please note that in these samples, the citations follow the APA format. Your instructor may require you to use another citation format, such as MLA, so check first.Jun 30, · Write the bio in third-person rather than first-person, so the bio reads as informative, rather than self-serving.
Short Bio Even if you have a well . If you can’t start or you end up being stuck, you’ll feel frustrated and won’t be able to do a good job for the rest of the mini research paper. Here are some ways you can tell a mini paper is different. Mini vs. Regular Research Papers. For the most part, mini papers are the same as regular papers, only shorter.
When reports were written on typewriters, the names of publications were underlined because most typewriters had no way to print italics. If you write a bibliography by hand, you should still underline the names of publications.
But, if you use a computer, then publication names should be in . Writing a bibliography is easy by following the format outlined in this article. Learn how to properly cite different resources in the bibliography of a research paper, and how to format those citations, for books, encyclopedias, films, websites, and people.
numerous examples and explanations for all source types. Write the citation and annotation When writing your annotation, the complete citation should always come first and the annotation follows.
Depending on the type of annotated bibliography you are writing, you will want to include. Write a newspaper article bibliography entry starting with the name of the writer, last name first, and followed by the article's title. Then write the newspaper's name and the day, month and year of the issue.