The Battle of Midway in the Pacific Nothing distinguished the dawn of June 2,from countless other dawns that had fallen over tiny Midway atoll in the North Pacific. Nothing, that is, except the tension, the electric tension of men waiting for an enemy to make his move.
On Midway's two main islands, Sand and Eastern, 3, United States Navy and Marine Corps personnel, along with a few Army Air Force aircrews, stood at battle stations in and near their fighters, bombers, and seaplanes, waiting for the Japanese attack they had been expecting for weeks.
The carrier battle of Midway, one of the decisive naval battles in history, is well documented. But the role played by the Midway garrison, which manned the naval air station on the atoll during the battle, is not as well known. Midway lies 1, miles west- northwest of Pearl Harbor, Oahu.
The entire atoll is barely six miles in diameter and consists of Sand and Eastern islands surrounded by a coral reef enclosing a shallow lagoon.
Midway was discovered in and annexed by the United States in August In Marchafter a report on U. Navy Pacific bases declared Midway second only to Pearl Harbor in importance, construction of a formal naval air station began. Midway Naval Air Station was placed in commission in August By that time, Midway's facilities included a large seaplane hangar and ramps, artificial harbor, fuel storage tanks and several buildings.
Sand Island was populated by hundreds of civilian construction workers and a defense battalion of the Fleet Marine Force, while Eastern Island boasted a 5,foot airstrip.
Essay The Battle of Midway in the Pacific Nothing distinguished the dawn of June 2, , from countless other dawns that had fallen over tiny Midway atoll in the North Pacific. Nothing, that is, except the tension, the electric tension of men waiting for an enemy to make his move. Last and biggest of the Pacific island battles of World War II, the Okinawa campaign (April 1—June 22, ) involved the , troops of the U.S. Tenth Army against , soldiers of the Japanese Thirty-second Army. At stake were air bases vital to the projected invasion of Japan ("Battle of. Pacific Warfare: The Battle of Midway Essay The Japansese plan consisted of two parts, Operation AL and Operation MI. Operation AL was actually hundreds of miles away from Midway.
Simard, a veteran naval pilot who had served as air officer on the carrier USS Langley and as executive officer at the San Diego Air Station, was designated the atoll's commanding officer. Along with the naval personnel manning the air station was a detachment of Marines.
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The first detachment was from the Marine 3rd Defense Battalion; it was relieved on September 11,by 34 officers and men from the 6th Defense Battalion under the command of Lt. Shannon and Simard meshed into an effective team right away.
World War II began for Midway at 6: December 7,when the garrison received word of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Three hours later, the Japanese destroyers Sazanami and Ushio opened fire, damaging a seaplane hangar, knocking out the Pan American direction finder and destroying a consolidated PBY Catalina flying boat.
The Japanese retired at Midway settled into a routine of training and anti-submarine flights, with little else to do except play endless games of cards and cribbage, and watch Midway's famous albatrosses, nicknamed gooney birds, in action Stevens Pacific Fleet by attacking Midway.
Using Midway as bait and gathering a vast naval armada of eight aircraft carriers, 11 battleships, 23 cruisers, 65 destroyers and several hundred fighters, bombers and torpedo planes, Yamamoto planned to crush the Pacific Fleet once and for all. Nimitz, commander in chief, Pacific Command, flew to the atoll on May 2,to make a personal inspection.
Following his inspection, Nimitz took Simard and Shannon aside and asked them what they needed to defend Midway. They told him their requirements. It was good enough for Nimitz, who returned to Oahu Robertson On May 20, Shannon and Simard received a letter from Admiral Nimitz, praising their fine work and promoting them to captain and full colonel, respectively.
Then Nimitz informed them that the Japanese were planning to attack Midway on May 28; he outlined the Japanese strategy and promised all possible aid.The Battle of Iwo Jima Essay - The Battle of Iwo Jima The Battle of Iwo Jima was a large scale land battle in which the United States Armed Forces fought for the island of .
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Pacific Warfare: The Battle of Midway Essay The Japansese plan consisted of two parts, Operation AL and Operation MI. Operation AL was actually hundreds of miles away from Midway.
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