A theory may explain human behavior, for example, by describing how humans interact or how humans react to certain stimuli. Social work practice models describe how social workers can implement theories. Practice models provide social workers with a blueprint of how to help others based on the underlying social work theory. While a theory explains why something happens, a practice model shows how to use a theory to create change.
Theories of learning and human resource development can help guide employees in their career development. By giving your staff access to a broad spectrum of courses, workshops and self-paced alternatives, you can enable their development and improve productivity for your business at the same time.
Behaviorism An instructor using behaviorism as the basis for her strategy assumes that positive and negative reinforcement impact learning. She praises employees when they behave the way she wants and punishes them when they do not. Changes in behavior indicate success. You might use this strategy to get employees to adopt new policies and procedures.
For example, you lecture participants and then you test them on retention of the material. You reward those who pass the exam and demand that those who fail retake your course. Cognitivism Using the cognitivism learning theory, educators focus on improving mental processes rather than physical actions.
These instructors believe that their role is to help people expand their knowledge.
Small business owners can use this strategy to encourage employees to improve their strategic thinking practices, memory and problem-solving skills.
By conducting contests, games and activities that challenge employees' memory, attention span, speed, flexibility and ingenuity, you can promote well being and workplace productivity. Constructivism The constructivism learning theory states that employees actively participate in their own learning and development.
Small business owners need to recognize that their employees bring the past work experience, cultural background and personality to their current roles. When people take responsibility for their own career development, their morale typically improves and their job satisfaction increases.
Connectivism In the digital age, learning occurs in multiple environments. Free online courses enable anyone to take advantage of global opportunities to develop new skills, knowledge and techniques.
This learning theory recognizes that learning is a process of connecting diverse opinions, information and resources.
Successful entrepreneurs know that the ability to make connections equals long-term profitability. People want to make the critical decisions about what they get to learn about. This alters their future. Social networking technology expands your ability to make connections with other people throughout the world to learn about stimulating topics.
This means that even a small business has the opportunity to create, preserve and utilize information in new ways.
The theories are treated in four parts: a short historical introduction, a discussion of the view of knowledge presupposed by the theory, an account of how the theory treats learning and student motivation, and, finally, an overview of some of the instructional methods promoted by the theory is presented. Learning style theories propose that individuals learn in different ways, that there are distinct learning styles and that knowledge of a learner's preferred learning style . Kolb’s learning theory sets out four different learning styles, which are based on a four stage learning cycle. In this respect Kolb’s model is particularly elegant, since it offers both a way to understand individual people’s different learning styles, and also an explanation of .
Well-connected leaders foster a positive information flow that contributes to the personal and professional development of their subordinates.The big list of academic theories, postulates, hypotheses, etc.
on which persuasion techniques are based. While no single theory can adequately explain all human motivation, looking at the individual theories can offer a greater understanding of the forces that cause us to take action.
In reality, there are likely many different forces that interact to motivate behavior. Learning style theories propose that individuals learn in different ways, that there are distinct learning styles and that knowledge of a learner's preferred learning style leads to faster and more satisfactory improvement.
In order to understand human development, a number of different theories of child development have arisen to explain various aspects of human growth. Child Development Theories: A Background Theories of development provide a framework for thinking about human growth and learning.
We have reviewed a number of theories related to how human beings learn and develop. On this website, learning is defined as "a relatively permanent change in behavior or behavior potential brought about as a result of experience" and development is defined as "as a relatively permanent change in behavior or behavior potential brought about as.
This is the basis of cognitive theories of learning, which make use of the work of researchers such as Kohler () and Piaget (). Kohler worked with apes and Piaget concentrated on child development, but .