The spanish conquistadors during the age of exploration

Blog Spanish Discovery and Colonization During the 15th century, the Iberian Peninsula at the western end of the Mediterranean Sea became the focal point of European efforts to reach the riches of Asia by a sea route, rather than depend on the dangerous, costly and time-consuming ancient trade routes through the Middle East. Tiny Portugal emerged as the original leader of this effort. Lacking a coast on the Mediterranean, it was not surprising that the Portuguese sought a route to the East by rounding the tip of Africa. The most influential figure in the rise of Portuguese maritime strength was Henry the Navigatorwho marshaled experts and information to found an empire.

The spanish conquistadors during the age of exploration

Visit Website But between and a series of interconnected developments occurred in Europe that provided the impetus for the exploration and subsequent colonization of America.

These developments included the Protestant Reformation and the subsequent Catholic Counter-Reformation, the Renaissance, the unification of small states into larger ones with centralized political power, the emergence of new technology in navigation and shipbuilding, and the establishment of overland trade with the East and the accompanying transformation of the medieval economy.

Protestantism emphasized a personal relationship between each individual and God without the need for intercession by the institutional church. Thus, the rise of Protestantism and the Counter-Reformation, along with the Renaissance, helped foster individualism and create a climate favorable to exploration.

This period is known as the Age of Exploration. During this age, European explorers searched for trade routes, overseas wealth, and adventure. Technological innovations spurred the exploration boom. These Spanish expeditions, led by conquistadors, set out in search of gold, slaves, lucrative trade routes, and fame. Indeed, they succeeded in. To all accounts (from the survivors, assorted foreign witnesses and the Conquistadors themselves), the Spanish rulers varied between trying to enslave the native populations and trying to exterminate them completely. Neither attempt was totally successful. “How did the Spanish treat the Native Americans during the Age of Exploration?. The first documented exploration was carried out along the coastline in by two ships from Puerto Rico under pilot Pedro de Quejos, who had landed in South Carolina in on a slaving expedition.

At the same time, political centralization ended much of the squabbling and fighting among rival noble families and regions that had characterized the Middle Ages. With the decline of the political power and wealth of the Catholic church, a few rulers gradually solidified their power.

Portugal, Spain, France, and England were transformed from small territories into nation-states with centralized authority in the hands of monarchs who were able to direct and finance overseas exploration.

The spanish conquistadors during the age of exploration

As these religious and political changes were occurring, technological innovations in navigation set the stage for exploration. Bigger, faster ships and the invention of navigational devices such as the astrolabe and sextant made extended voyages possible.

But the most powerful inducement to exploration was trade. The Orient became a magnet to traders, and exotic products and wealth flowed into Europe.

Those who benefited most were merchants who sat astride the great overland trade routes, especially the merchants of the Italian city-states of Genoa, Venice, and Florence. The newly unified states of the Atlantic—France, Spain, England, and Portugal—and their ambitious monarchs were envious of the merchants and princes who dominated the land routes to the East.

The desire to supplant the trade moguls, especially the Italians, and fear of the Ottoman Empire forced the Atlantic nations to search for a new route to the East.

Portugal Portugal led the others into exploration. Encouraged by Prince Henry the Navigator, Portuguese seamen sailed southward along the African coast, seeking a water route to the East. They were also looking for a legendary king named Prester John who had supposedly built a Christian stronghold somewhere in northwestern Africa.

Henry hoped to form an alliance with Prester John to fight the Muslims. His school developed the quadrant, the cross-staff, and the compass, made advances in cartography, and designed and built highly maneuverable little ships known as caravels.

Dias sailed around the tip of Africa and into the Indian Ocean before his frightened crew forced him to give up the quest. A year later, Vasco da Gama succeeded in reaching India and returned to Portugal laden with jewels and spices. Born in Genoa, Italy, aroundColumbus learned the art of navigation on voyages in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic.

Columbus, hoping to make such a voyage, spent years seeking a sponsor and finally found one in Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain after they defeated the Moors and could turn their attention to other projects.

After ten weeks he sighted an island in the Bahamas, which he named San Salvador. Thinking he had found islands near Japan, he sailed on until he reached Cuba which he thought was mainland China and later Haiti.

But the territorial disputes between Portugal and Spain were not resolved until when they signed the Treaty of Tordesillas, which drew a line leagues west of the Azores as the demarcation between the two empires.

Despite the treaty, controversy continued over what Columbus had found. He made three more voyages to America between andduring which he explored Puerto Ricothe Virgin Islands, Jamaica, and Trinidad. Each time he returned more certain that he had reached the East.

In and Pedro de Mendoza went as far as present-day Buenos Aires in Argentina, where he founded a colony. Religious Motivations The impulse for exploration was further fueled by the European imagination. That idea had two parts: Ancient tales described distant civilizations, usually to the west, where European-like peoples lived simple, virtuous lives without war, famine, disease, or poverty.

Conquistador, (Spanish: “conqueror”), plural conquistadores or conquistadors, any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, especially of Mexico and Peru, in the 16th century. Read More on This Topic. Central America: Appointment of Pedrarias. Exploration. In the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries, Europeans began to sail west across the Atlantic Ocean in search of new routes to China and the East. If you are a teacher searching for educational material, please visit PBS LearningMedia for a wide range of free digital resources spanning preschool through 12th grade.

Such utopian visions were reinforced by religious notions. Early Christian Europeans had inherited from the Jews a powerful prophetic tradition that drew upon apocalyptic biblical texts in the books of Daniel, Isaiah, and Revelations.The Spanish conquest of Mexico is generally understood to be the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire (–21) which was the base for later conquests of other regions.

Later conquests were protracted campaigns with less spectacular results than the conquest of the Aztecs. Exploration. In the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries, Europeans began to sail west across the Atlantic Ocean in search of new routes to China and the East. Tim Kaine is right, Spanish was first European language spoken in United States.

By Miriam Valverde on Monday, November 7th, at a.m. Sep 06,  · The conquistadors were Spanish and Portuguese soldiers who explored much of the world during the Age of Discovery. They are best remembered for their conquests and exploration of .

The spanish conquistadors during the age of exploration

The Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire was one of the most important campaigns in the Spanish colonization of the regardbouddhiste.com years of preliminary exploration and military skirmishes, Spanish soldiers under conquistador Francisco Pizarro, his brothers, and their native allies captured the Sapa Inca Atahualpa in the Battle of regardbouddhiste.com was the first step in a long campaign that.

Conquistador, (Spanish: “conqueror”), plural conquistadores or conquistadors, any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, especially of Mexico and Peru, in the 16th century.

Read More on This Topic. Central America: Appointment of Pedrarias.

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