The success of the original ku klux klan a racist organization

Three Klans First KKK The first Klan was founded in Pulaski, Tennesseesometime between December and August by six former officers of the Confederate army [20] as a fraternal social club inspired at least in part by the then largely defunct Sons of Malta. It borrowed parts of the initiation ceremony from that group, with the same purpose: The manual of rituals was printed by Laps D. The members had conjured up a veritable Frankenstein.

The success of the original ku klux klan a racist organization

In outright defiance of the Republican-led federal government, Southern Democrats formed organizations that violently intimidated blacks and Republicans who tried to win political power.

Originally founded as a social club for former Confederate soldiers, the Klan evolved into a terrorist organization. It would be responsible for thousands of deaths, and would help to weaken the political power of Southern blacks and Republicans.

Racist activity in the South often took the form of riots that targeted blacks and Republicans. Ina quarrel between whites and black ex-soldiers erupted into a full-fledged riot in Memphis, Tennessee.

White policemen assisted the mobs in their violent rampage through the black sections of town. By the time the violence ended, 46 people were dead, 70 more were wounded, and numerous churches and schools had been burned.

Just two months later, on July 30, a similar outbreak of violence erupted in New Orleans. This time, a white mob attacked the attendees of a black suffrage convention, killing 37 blacks and three whites who allied with them.

The success of the original ku klux klan a racist organization

In this violent atmosphere, the Ku Klux Klan grew in size and strength. Bythe Klan had evolved into a hooded terrorist organization that its members called "The Invisible Empire of the South. In the name of preserving law and order in a white-dominated society, Klansmen punished newly freed blacks for a variety of reasons, including behaving in an "impudent" manner toward whites.

But first and foremost, the Klan sought to do away with Republican influence in the South by terrorizing and murdering its party leaders and all those who voted for it. The election, which pitted Republican Ulysses S. Grant against Democrat Horatio Seymour, was crucial. Republicans would continue programs that prevented Southern whites from gaining political control in their states.

Klan members knew that given the chance, the blacks in their communities would vote Republican. Across the South, the Klan and other terrorist groups used brutal violence to intimidate Republican voters. In Kansas, over 2, murders were committed in connection with the election.

In Georgia, the number of threats and beatings was even higher. And in Louisiana, blacks were killed as the election neared.

In those three states, Democrats won decisive victories at the polls. People realized that harsher laws would have to be passed in order to stop the violence and protect Southern blacks. And those laws were soon in coming. In the presidential election, Republican Ulysses S.

Grant won the office with the slogan, "Let Us Have Peace. Many Northerners, disgusted by Klan violence, lent their support to the Fifteenth Amendmentwhich gave the vote to black men in every state, and the First Reconstruction Act ofwhich placed harsher restrictions on the South and closely regulated the formation of their new governments.Voting Rights Background.

is the climactic year in the campaign to win Black voting rights. Sometimes referred to as America's "Second Reconstruction," this fight for the vote stretches far back, deep into history.. Previous voting-related articles in this History & Timeline include.

The Ku Klux Klan (/ ˈ k uː ˈ k l ʌ k s ˈ k l æ n, ˈ k j uː /), commonly called the KKK or simply the Klan and commonly misspelled as the Klu Klux Klan, refers to three distinct secret movements at different points in time in the history of the United regardbouddhiste.com has advocated extremist reactionary positions such as white supremacy, white nationalism, anti-immigration and—especially.

This report on the history of the Ku Klux Klan, America’s first terrorist organization, was prepared by the Klanwatch Project of the Southern Poverty Law Center.

Klanwatch was formed in to help curb Klan and racist violence through litigation, education and monitoring. The Ku Klux Klan had been defunct for nearly a half-century when William J. Simmons decided to revive the organization in the fall of A resident of Atlanta, Simmons worked for a fraternal benefit society called the Woodmen of the World, and he already belonged to more than a dozen clubs and churches.

The Ku Klux Klan (pronounced / ˈ k uː ˈ k l ʌ k s ˈ k l æ n, ˈ k j uː /), commonly called the KKK or simply the Klan, is three distinct movements in the United States that have advocated extremist reactionary positions such as white supremacy, white nationalism, anti-immigration and—especially in later iterations—Nordicism, anti-Catholicism and antisemitism.

Jul 26,  · the racist, anti-Semitic, and anti-Catholic Ku Klux Klan, especially in rural areas.

The success of the original ku klux klan a racist organization

During the early s the Klan achieved a membership of some 5,, and gained control of, or influence over, many city and state governments.

Comparing black people to monkeys has a long, dark simian history